human rights genocide > crimes against humanity >
of human rights
abbreviated for educational purposes only
On the 10th of December 1948, the United Nations General Assembly voted to proclaim The Universal Declaration of Human Rights as "recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family."
The right to dignity and equality
Freedom from discrimination on the basis of "race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status" as well as "political, jurisdictional or international status"
The right to life, liberty, and security
Freedom from slavery; "slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms"
Freedom from torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment
The right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law
The right to equal protection before the law
The right to effective remedies by competent tribunals
Freedom from arbitrary arrest, detention, or exile
The right to a fair and public hearing
The right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty
Freedom from arbitrary interference of privacy, family, home, or correspondence
Freedom of movement and residence; The right to leave any country, including one's own country; The right to return to one's own country
The right to seek asylum from persecution
The right to a nationality; The right to change nationality
The right to marry - with free and full consent - and found a family
The right to own property
Freedom of thought, conscience, and religion, including the right to change religion or belief
Freedom of opinion and expression, including freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive, and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers
Freedom of peaceful assembly and association; "No one may be compelled to belong to an association"
The right to participate in government, and the right to free, periodic, and genuine elections held by secret vote or equivalent free voting procedures
The right to social security
The right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favorable conditions of work, and to protection against unemployment; The right to equal pay for equal work; The right to form and to join trade unions
The right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay
The right to an adequate standard of living, including food, clothing, housing, medical care, and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age, or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond one's control; "Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance"
The right to free education in the fundamental stages; The right to equal access to higher education on the basis of merit; "Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further [...] the maintenance of peace."
The right to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts, and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits
The right to a social and international order to protect and realize these human rights
Everyone has duties to the community; Such duties should not contradict the recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others, of public order, and of the general welfare in a democratic society
Nothing in this declaration can be used to destroy any of the rights or freedoms set forth herein
This is an abbreviated version of the rights and freedoms set forth in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, summarized and presented here for educational purposes only. Read the full text of the Declaration on the website of the United Nations at this link.